How Canadian Home Prices Changed Over the Past Five

Bernard Kradjian, The Toronto Broker

The Canadian real estate market has always been a topic of interest for homeowners, investors, and economists alike. Over the past five years, it has experienced significant fluctuations and changes in home prices. This blog post delves into the factors driving these fluctuations and explores the state of Canadian home prices from 2018 to 2023.

The Boom Years (2018-2019)

The Canadian housing market started the five-year period on a strong note. In 2018 and 2019, home prices in many major cities, including Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal, were on the rise. Several factors contributed to this boom:

  1. Low Interest Rates: The Bank of Canada maintained historically low interest rates, making it more affordable for Canadians to secure mortgages and invest in real estate.
  2. Strong Economy: A healthy job market and robust economic growth boosted consumer confidence, driving demand for homes.
  3. Foreign Investment: Foreign buyers, particularly in cities like Vancouver, continued to invest in Canadian real estate.
  4. Housing Shortages: Some cities faced housing shortages, which further fueled price increases.

The Pandemic Effect (2020-2021)

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020 had a profound impact on the Canadian housing market. During this period, the market saw several changes:

  1. Initial Uncertainty: At the beginning of the pandemic, there was uncertainty in the housing market, with many buyers and sellers adopting a wait-and-see approach.
  2. Remote Work Trends: Remote work became more widespread, leading some urban dwellers to seek larger homes in suburban and rural areas.
  3. Low Mortgage Rates: The central bank lowered interest rates even further to stimulate economic activity, which kept mortgage rates at record lows.
  4. Increased Savings: Many Canadians saved money during lockdowns, and some used these savings to invest in real estate.

The “Supercharged” Market (2022-2023)

From 2022 onwards, the Canadian housing market experienced what some experts referred to as a “supercharged” phase:

  1. Unprecedented Demand: As the economy rebounded and pandemic restrictions eased, pent-up demand for housing exploded.
  2. Rapid Price Appreciation: Home prices skyrocketed in major cities, with some regions experiencing double-digit percentage increases year-over-year.
  3. Bidding Wars: Fierce competition among buyers led to bidding wars, driving prices even higher.
  4. Supply Constraints: A shortage of available homes exacerbated the situation, particularly in highly desirable urban areas.

Government Intervention

To address concerns about affordability and the risk of a housing bubble, the Canadian government introduced measures like stricter mortgage qualification rules, foreign buyer taxes, and vacant home taxes in certain provinces. These measures aimed to cool down the red-hot housing market and make homeownership more attainable for Canadians.


Over the past five years, the Canadian housing market has seen significant ups and downs. From the boom years of 2018-2019 to the pandemic-induced uncertainty of 2020-2021 and the supercharged market of 2022-2023, the landscape has been dynamic. Government intervention has played a role in attempting to balance affordability and stability.

As we move forward, the Canadian housing market remains a dynamic and evolving space. Keeping a close eye on economic indicators, interest rates, government policies, and local market conditions will be crucial for anyone interested in Canadian real estate, whether as potential homeowners or investors.

Subscribe for Rate Bay’s news updates!